Varicose veins in the uterus: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

abdominal pain in a woman with uterine varices

Varicose veins of the legs are a pathology well known to many modern people. Almost one in three women of childbearing age faces it. But such a diagnosis as "uterine varices" can lead any patient to fear and confusion. After all, this disease is very rare and little known. In addition, this disease is difficult to diagnose, since it often proceeds almost asymptomatically.

varicose veins of the uterus

What it is

Varicose veins of the uterus (see photo above) is a disease in which the walls of blood vessels become too thin, long and inelastic. Many people think that it can only happen with the legs, but in reality it is not at all the case. In fact, varicose veins can originate from any part of the body through which blood vessels pass.

Surprisingly, uterine varices are diagnosed quite often, but despite their prevalence, they carry a huge danger. Usually this defect occurs with a mild clinical picture. In addition, its signs are often perceived as symptoms of diseases of the reproductive organs, which only aggravate the situation due to the lack of necessary treatment.

Often the pathology can be detected only during pregnancy. After all, it is during this period that a woman's body undergoes the most thorough and detailed diagnostics.

The reasons

Various conditions can lead to the disease. Among them, experts identify several main causes of uterine varices.

  • Hormonal imbalance. The female body is constantly subjected to peak levels of vital elements with each menstrual cycle. In addition, hormonal disorders often occur during menopause and pregnancy, as well as when taking oral contraceptives.
  • Regular abortions.
  • Pathologies of the reproductive organs. The greatest danger is carried by diseases that occur for a long time without proper treatment.
  • hereditary predisposition.
  • Frequent deliveries.
  • Carry a big child.
  • Abnormalities of a congenital nature relating to the vessels of the uterine cavity.
sedentary work as a cause of uterine varices

Risk group

Among other things, the likelihood of developing uterine varices increases significantly under the influence of such conditions:

  • obesity;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • bad habits;
  • excessive physical activity;
  • endocrine pathologies;
  • an increase in the size of the organ itself.

During pregnancy, this disease appears against the background of the release of progesterone into the blood. This hormone can not only reduce the tone of the reproductive elements, but also the walls of blood vessels. As a result, they are oversaturated with blood due to disturbances in the outflow process and are greatly stretched.

It should be noted that the pathology can cover other organs of the genitourinary system. Varicose veins of the cervix, ovaries and even the external reproductive organs of the body are less often diagnosed.

Symptoms

Usually the signs of uterine varices are mild. Moreover, they often resemble manifestations of inflammation, as a result of which the true pathology simply goes unnoticed.

Most often, the disease is detected during pregnancy, since it is at this time that the organ is subjected to the greatest load, which contributes to the rapid progression of the defect. Usually, the first symptoms of uterine varices are:

  • pain in the lower abdomen, aggravated or occurring after physical exertion and intimacy, can be transmitted to the lower back;
  • abnormal change in the menstrual cycle - discharge becomes too rare and their duration increases;
  • there is an increased sensitivity of the vagina;
  • during the birth of a child, the disease is manifested by a feeling of fullness in the hypogastrium.
pain in the lower abdomen with uterine varices

By the way, many women take the last symptom of the onset of preterm labor.

Usually, the disease is extremely difficult to identify by symptoms. Treatment of uterine varices is often delayed precisely because of diagnostic difficulties. That is why many women face complications from this disease.

Varicose veins of the uterus pose a great danger, since the thinned and dilated walls of the vessels can be injured and torn. Against the background of these processes, anemia occurs. In addition, this disease can lead to complications during childbirth and labor.

Varicose veins of the uterus have an erased clinical picture, while they pose a threat to the health of a woman. It is still extremely difficult to find, so you should use all kinds of reviews and go through them as carefully as possible.

Diagnostic

It is simply impossible to make a diagnosis of "varicose veins in the uterus" solely on the basis of a gynecological examination and the collected history. After all, all specific manifestations of this disease are unusual. Doppler ultrasound is recommended for the detection of intrauterine varices. This procedure allows you to carefully examine the condition of the vessels in the uterus and determine the presence of the disease. In addition, the patient may be prescribed auxiliary examinations:

  • laparoscopy;
  • CT scan of the pelvic organs;
  • selective ovaricography;
  • venography.

Among other things, the possibility of the presence of endometriosis, neuropathy that appeared after surgery, deviations in the localization of the uterus and inflammatory processes in the intestine should be excluded. In other words, it is very important to carry out a differential diagnosis. After all, the symptoms of the described conditions are very similar to the manifestations of varicose veins.

You can choose the appropriate treatment regimen only after passing a full diagnosis.

Varicose veins of the uterus - what to do

In the treatment of this disease, both conservative and surgical methods are successfully used. Two specialists are simultaneously involved in the solution of such a problem: a phlebologist and a gynecologist.

Conservative therapy involves the use of:

  • antiplatelet agents;
  • venotonic agents;
  • anti-inflammatory drugs.

It must be said that during the carrying of the baby, all the proposed drugs are contraindicated. Thus, the patient during pregnancy is recommended therapeutic exercise. Also, women at this time wear compression underwear.

swimming with varicose veins

After the drug treatment is completed, the patient should maintain a healthy lifestyle. It is imperative to give up bad habits and provide the body with full physical activity every day.

In addition, the treatment of uterine varices involves maintaining a balanced diet. During the treatment period, it is very important to replenish your daily menu with the maximum amount of fruits, vegetables, bran, fermented milk components, as well as foods rich in iodine. In addition, compliance with the drinking regime is demonstrated. The diet also involves the rejection of fried, fatty, smoked and spicy foods, confectionery and other sweets.

foods against varicose veins

How to treat uterine varices? In addition to dieting and taking medication, a woman is recommended to go swimming, regularly take a contrast shower and attend a lymphatic drainage massage. All these procedures will significantly speed up the healing process.

Other treatments

In some cases, uterine varices may be an indication for surgery. Usually, specialists resort to surgery with a sharp progression of pathology. During surgery, damaged vessels are completely removed and replaced with special prostheses.

laparoscopy for varicose veins

Also, varicose veins in the uterus can be treated laparoscopically. During this procedure, the integrity of the skin is not violated, only small punctures are made in it, through which the damaged veins are removed. At the time of X-ray endovascular surgery, the process is fully controlled using special devices. In this case, catheters are inserted into the vessels.

In some cases, drug therapy is combined with folk recipes. A good result in the fight against varicose veins can be achieved with the help of horse chestnut, kombucha, dandelion and other medicinal plants. But they can be used only after agreement with the gynecologist.

pills for varicose veins

Features of childbirth

If during pregnancy a woman has varicose veins of the uterus, a completely logical question always arises regarding childbirth. In such cases, the patient may be assigned both a caesarean section and natural childbirth. The final decision always rests with the doctor. In general, the situation depends on the degree of neglect of the pathology and the presence of a danger to the life of the mother and child.

Prevention

To prevent the appearance of varicose veins, you need to adhere to a healthy lifestyle, eat right, try to provide the body with normal physical activity. If there is a risk of developing the disease, you should contact a specialist who will help you choose the right venotonic agents.

Varicose veins are considered a very serious pathology. That is why it is very important when a disease occurs to treat it in time in order to avoid the development of all kinds of complications.

exercises for varicose veins during pregnancy

Effects

As already mentioned, uterine varices are considered a dangerous, almost asymptomatic disease. That is why this defect often leads to the occurrence of various complications. Most often, women on the background of varicose veins are faced with such complications:

  • disturbances in the menstrual cycle;
  • placental insufficiency;
  • vein thrombosis;
  • thrombophlebitis.

Some women believe that pathology is a contraindication to intimacy. However, in reality, this is not the case: it is possible to have sex if it does not cause discomfort. But regarding the use of oral contraceptives, it is worth consulting a gynecologist. As a rule, such drugs for varicose veins are strictly prohibited. So, to avoid all kinds of complications in the future, you need to choose another method of contraception.